Thursday, March 23, 2017

Ohio Stars




According to the experts the Ohio Star or Variable Star block has been around for a long time.  It was first published in Godey's Ladies Book in 1862.

Now, I have a copy of the 1862 Godey's Lady's book on CD-ROM.  I have been through all 1000+ pages, January to December, and I haven't found an Ohio star anywhere. There are many interesting pictures to look at - here's the latest fashions for January 1862.




Patchwork does appear in the June issue and also in September.






And that's all you get.  No instructions, no templates, no handy hints.  Patchwork was menial work and not really worthy of notice by Godey's editorial staff.





For a 9 inch Ohio Star block cut 4 white squares 3.5 by 3.5 inches and one print square the same size.  Cut two white and two print squares 4.5 by 4.5 inches and cut diagonally twice to make 8 white triangles and 8 print triangles.  Join these to make for hour glass blocks.  They will need to be trimmed to 3.5 inches; I like to cut big triangles and then trim to size to make a neater block.

Thursday, March 9, 2017

Emma Barr Ohio Star








Emma Barr was born Emma Moler in 1867 in Beavercreek Township, Ohio (near present-day Dayton).  Beavercreek was a bustling community with the railroad and turnpike running through the town.  It was a manufacturing center with a distillery and river power for flour, cotton, woolen and saw mills; finished goods and supplies were shipped to all parts of the country.


Old Miami-Erie Canal lock, Mad River

When Emma married William Barr, carpenter, the couple moved to Mad River, about seventeen miles away.  Mad River was in Montgomery County, Ohio.  If you are interested in historical quilts you may have read Sue C. Cummings's book 'Album Quilts of Ohio's Miami Valley'.




Cumming's amazing collection of sampler quilts were made in Darke, Miami and Montgomery Counties at the time Emma was living nearby.  The Miami Valley quilts are known for their eagle blocks but the Ohio Star appears in a few.

Emma and William had six children, three girls and three boys.  In the 1910 census of Montgomery County Emma was 42 and William three years older.  Daughter Bessie's occupation was 'none' so she was probably running the household with her mother; Ellis was working in stationery manufacture and Edna was working in a box factory.  Alma, Calvin and Chester were all at school.

A couple of years later William Barr decided to try his luck out West and the family moved to Washington to grow apples.  Bessie remained in Ohio with her new husband; Edna moved with the family and found herself a husband in Washington.  The family grew up, life went on and Emma was 70 years old when she made her Ohio Star block for the Malaga quilt.



The Ohio Star block is one of the earliest recorded quilt blocks.  It is another 9 patch block with four hourglass squares and five plain squares.  Other names for this design are Variable Star, Lone Star or Texas Star.  In 'Romance of the Patchwork Quilt' Carrie Hall showed several examples of the block with different color layouts.  The dark and white block was dubbed Ohio Star and that name has remained the most popular name.





This Ohio Star block was probably made by a young girl.  The seamstress learned that after you cut diagonals and sew them together the resulting pieced square is smaller than an unpieced one.  She also managed to get one of the triangle points up on the right side of the block. Late 1800s.


I appreciate Emma's choice of the Ohio Star.  Like Emma, I also grew up in Ohio and often use this block in my own quilts.  When I was just learning to walk I was living in Kettering, Dayton, about ten miles from Beavercreek.  In 1867 the railroad was the great attraction; ninety years later the railroad had made way for the Wright Patterson Air Force Base.


Wright Patterson Air Force Base - USAF Museum Buildings




Thursday, February 23, 2017

A Churn Dash by Any Other Name




Everyone loves a Churn Dash.  It's been around forever - mid 1800s - it's simple to piece and it's good design.  A popular block that has been used for over century collects a catalogue of names; Barbara Brackman lists the following:

Broken Plate
Double Monkey Wrench
Double T
Fisherman's Reel
Hens and Chickens
Hole in the Barn Door
Indian Hammer
Joan's Doll Quilt
Lincoln's Platform
Love Knot
Ludlow's Favorite
Monkey Wrench
Old Mill Design
Picture Frame
Puss in the Corner
Quail's Nest
Sheman's March
Shoo Fly
Colonial Design

There are two Churn Dash blocks in the Malaga Quilt.  


Maggie Shaw



Lorena Ray

Maggie's block is an equal nine patch. Lorena's block has a small center block so the nine patches are uneven.  Both variations appear in old and new quilts. Maggie's is easy to make as a finished 6 inch or 9 inch block; Lorena's comes out as a 10 inch if the center is two inches.





These blocks are all antique. The middle one in the top row has a piece of paper attached that says George Kennedy; George never did get his name written on his block.






I also found this collection.  There aren't antique because I made them, but they have been on the shelf for so long they are close to vintage.



According to other bloggers, this block is called Churn Dash because "its name is a result of the resemblance of the triangle and rectangle perimeter of the block to a butter churn and the center square to the stick or dash of the butter churn."  




I don't see it myself.  Google "butter churn dashers" and select images - if you find one that looks like the quilt block I'd love to know.

Thursday, February 2, 2017

Maggie Shaw and the Modern Singer Way







Maggie Griffin was the second eldest of nine children and her father died when Maggie was thirteen.  Maggie married Benjamin Shaw and had five children of her own.  The births of Maggie's children were spread over nineteen years; when Maggie made this quilt block her eldest daughter Mabel was celebrating her first wedding anniversary and her youngest daughter Agnes was just three years old.




Maggie Shaw, like the other women in Malaga, would have spent much of her time at home on the sewing machine.  Singer Sewing machines were at the top end of the market but faced fierce competition from the 'home brands' of the mail order companies like Montgomery Wards and Sears.  The majority of sewing machines manufactured in the 1920s were treadle or hand crank models but electric motors could be added later.




Maggie may have had the little book "How to Make Children's Clothes the Modern Singer Way" (1930 edition, 25 cents).  If she did she would have pondered on the following "practical instruction and valuable suggestions ready for instant use."








“This book is designed to make sewing for children easy, to make the work interesting, and to encourage those who sew for children to appreciate the importance of correct and becoming attire, thus helping in a silent way to build a foundation of good taste and a sense of fitness for the child that will later prove an asset, economically and socially.

“Authorities disagree on the quantity of garments necessary for a baby’s layette, but all agree that beautiful cleanness is absolutely necessary.  Therefore it is better to have plainer and less expensive garments, but to have enough to make immaculateness certain.




“There are a few times in the year when a new dress seems a necessity.  The first day of school is one.  Children bounce off to school with alacrity when their clothes are new and in keeping with the occasion.  Mothers too are filled with satisfaction and pride in knowing that their little folks are correctly attired.

“Play clothes should be provided so that the school clothes may be taken off and kept in good condition.  Mothers can protect themselves and their children by making a plan and interesting their children in adhering to it; that is, to have certain outfits for school and others for play, that they may always be dressed correctly for both.



“Plaited (pleated) skirts, which have been popular for a quarter of a century for school girls, will undoubtedly continue so for a very long period of time, because plaited skirts seem to be absolutely in keeping with the jauntiness that is associated with a girl of school age.

“Party dresses are never in good taste in the classroom.  In this age of democracy no girl desires to show by her clothes that she is in a better financial condition than her schoolmates.  That in itself is considered bad taste.




"If you would know the full enjoyment of making lovely curtains and draperies for you home, as well as clothes for yourself and the children, make them on a Singer Electric.  It will be a surprising new experience.  Both hands are free, both feet at ease.  Merely press the speed control, gently or firmly, and sew at any speed.  Perfect, even stitching flows like magic.  There is no thought of effort on your part, for hidden power is doing all the work.  And in a short time your machine will have paid for itself through the many economies of home sewing."


Saturday, January 21, 2017

Bowties Are Cool

Nellie Sellar's block is a Bow Tie pattern.




I like almost all pieced blocks, but Bow Tie is not a favourite.  That diagonal square for the bow tie knot?  All the other pieces have to be set in around it.  It takes a long time to get it right and mine never quite lay flat when I'm finished.

I went to Carrie Hall's "The Romance of the Patchwork Quilt in America" (1935) to find a Bow Tie.  It wasn't listed in the index so I searched through the black and white plates to see if I could find it.  I did find it in Plate XVI - Hall calls it Necktie.  Her description is of the pattern is not especially helpful.

"This shows that the Colonial women were very considerate of the men-folk of their families."

I'm not quite sure what that statement means.  The photo of the block in the book is 1/2 inch square so I went online to find a better picture.
In 1938 Carrie Hall donated all her quilt blocks to the Spencer Museum of Art in Kansas, and the museum has the whole collection available for online viewing.


There are two Necktie blocks in the Hall collection.  This is the first one.




Now have a look at the second one.


No centre square, just corner triangles!  If it worked for Carrie Hall it works for me.




My block is 9 inches.  I cut squares at 2.75 inches.  The corner triangles are stitch and flip, I cut them at 1.75 inches square, sewed along the diagonal onto a white square, flipped and trimmed.

Turning the bowtie blocks create a range of settings.  If you check the Facebook page this week I will attempt to share a different layout every day.

Saturday, January 14, 2017

Coming to America

Nellie Sellar's life is an example of the 20th century migration to the United States from the Old World as well as the internal migration towards the West Coast.




James Sellar and his sisters Joan and Barbara emigrated from Scotland to the USA in 1907 to seek their fortunes.  The siblings settled in Chicago, Illinois.  In the 1910 census James was a plasterer and both sisters were working as quiltmakers.

The USA was a sought-after destination for many hopeful immigrants in the early 20th century.  Just a few pages of the 1930 census for Chicago recorded residents and their parents being born in Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, England, Germany, Greece, Holland, Ireland, Italy, Madera Island, Norway, Poland, Scotland and Switzerland.

James returned to Scotland and married his childhood sweetheart Nellie.  Their first son James was born in Scotland before the family returned to Chicago on the SS Columbia.







James Junior was joined by sisters Helen and Elspeth; surprisingly, twelve years later, brother George was born.

The Sellar family left Chicago and traveled West to Wenatchee, Chelan County, Washington.  The majority of people living in Wenatchee had been born in the USA but not in the state of Washington - Wenatchee was a place people moved to from somewhere else.  Three pages of the 1930 census lists 27 different states as birthplace of the individual or their parents.

George Sellar was Nellie's fourth child, born when Nellie was 38.  George's arrival may not have been planned but his life was not insignificant; in 1971 he became Senator George Sellar and he served his community well until his death in 2000.  The highway bridge between Wenatchee and East Wenatchee was renamed the Senator George Sellar Bridge in his honor. 




Nellie would have been very proud.

Friday, January 6, 2017

Looking for the Goose

Gussie Herr's block is made from the traditional building blocks of patchwork - hourglass, flying geese and half square triangles.







I began the search through BlockBase to find a name for this block.  It always takes a while when you don't have a name to start with.  I was surprised when I found the closest match.








This block is Brown Goose.  It doesn't look like Gussie's block until you realise the only difference it the corner half square triangles which have been reversed.  That's why I love the traditional patterns, basic blocks are used to build up a multitude of different pieced patchwork blocks.

Brown Goose isn't the only name for this block.  It is also known as Gray Goose, Double Z, Devil's Claws, Framed X, Old Gray Goose, Old Maid's Puzzle and Ribbons. 

Ruth Finley says,

"While not particularly attractive, this pattern was widely used for every-day quilts .... because it was easy to piece"






Same block, different orientation.  This one was made entirely of half square triangles, reverse the top and bottom to get the Brown Goose.




This one is almost a goose, it needs some corners.  I wonder what happened.  Did she run out of material? Did it fall down behind the sofa and never finished? Maybe the maker was relieving the boredom of pregnancy, and once the labour pains started patchwork was forgotten ....

Thursday, December 29, 2016

Gussie Herr and the Quilting Church







Gussie Herr worked as a seasonal worker in the fruit packing shed when it was harvest time.  Her husband Clemens was a farmer and cabinet maker, and their three children still lived at home; George was a timber worker, Elizabeth a stenographer and Marie was still at school.

Gussie and Clemens


Gussie was an active member of her church, the First Christian Church in Camas, Washington.  She had a long association with her church - Gussie lived to 103!  Her obituary reads, "She was very active in her church and was loved by all until the day the Lord took her home."  I found Gussie's obituary at one of the genealogists' favourite websites: www.findagrave.com.  Usually a hit brings up photos of tombstones, but this time there were photos of Gussie Herr herself.


Christian Church, Camus, Washington 1911

Quilting was often a group activity in the first decades of the 20th century.  In remote communities the church and the quilting bee were the only opportunities for women to meet and socialize.  In the 1930s signature quilts were till popular as fundraisers for church building programs, or as a presentation to a retiring minister or Sunday school teacher.








Church fundraising quilt made by members of the 
Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church,
Allentown, Pennsylvania. Dated between 1934 and 1937




Detail of the Grace Evangelical quilt.  Individuals paid a small amount to have their name embroidered, and further funds were made when the quilt was raffled.


Some church associated groups earned funds by hand quilting tops made by others, the cost being calculated by the size of the quilt, the complexity of the pattern or the number of spools of thread used in the quilting.

Was the Malaga quilt a church project? It doesn't appear to be.  The quilt owner Lena Wallace was a member of the Malaga Christian Church, and the Malaga Homemakers were a church ladies group known for their quiltmaking activities. But the women in the Malaga quilt come from a number of different churches; one was married by a Catholic priest and yet another was Jewish.  Belonging to a church was important to many of the women, but they didn't all attend the same congregation.

Wednesday, December 21, 2016

Mrs. Mead and a Postage Stamp Basket

Sorry for the delay in posting; the next participant in the 1937 Malaga quilt is Onie Mead.  Onie wasn't a farmer's wife like most of the other Malaga women.  Ray Mead was a school janitor until the Depression years, then he had some work as a laborer with the Works Progress Association. Onie and Ray weren't as well off as some of the other families.







Onie made the same Cactus Basket black as Sarah Cannon.  So, I've chosen another basket block from the 1930s to show you. This orphan is from my collection:







This block can be May Basket, Baby Basket or just Basket. I made a six inch one.





This Basket Block may look familiar even to non-quilters.








These stamps were released in 1978; and I imagine the next block was made about the same time.

Freeda Adams  Philadelphia, PA.


If you were a patchworker in the USA during the Bi-Centennial, did you make blocks like this one?

Friday, December 2, 2016

Weathervane and Vive Ste Anne



The Weathervane block was popular with Lena's friends, there are three Weathervane blocks in the Malaga quilt.





The block is a nine patch.  For a 9 inch block the centre is 3 inches.  The half square triangles in the corners finish at 1.5 inches.  Quilter's Cache has instructions for a 12 inch block.









Weathervane is too fiddly to make as a six inch block: I am going to choose a different pattern for a six inch block, probably Sawtooth. 




I went to an antiques fair last weekend.  Old quilts don't appear at antique fairs in Australia but I did find some postcards.







These French postcards are for St. Anne's day, the patron saint of seamstresses.  The messages - in French - on the cards are wishes for good health and good fortune.  The lady on the right is using her treadle with high heels, and the lady on the left is very distracted - can you see a lace garter hanging on the treadle stand?  These cards aren't rare, Google 'Saint Anne sewing machine postcards' and you will find dozens.  I found these ladies again but in different poses.






Do you have any St. Anne postcards?  Are they all French?  Would you send one to your mother?